Up to 5,000 job vacancies in the UK automotive industry could be vacant due to a skills shortage affecting the sector, according to a new report published today by the Automotive Council.
The report surveys a range of British-based automotive firms – from vehicle manufacturers to component suppliers – to identify the areas of employment most difficult to recruit, and provide an important means for industry and government to tackle the skills issue.
Around 19% of the unfilled vacancies cited in the report are identified as ‘critical’ and having a significant impact on company operations.
Of the top 10 job types for which recruitment is most difficult, the majority are in engineering – with the top two in-demand roles being design and production engineers.
The knock-on effect is that companies are hiring temporary contractors and increasingly recruiting from abroad, according to the report – which was developed by automotive industry consultants SMMT Industry Forum on behalf of the Automotive Industrial Partnership.
The renaissance of the UK automotive industry since the recession has brought significant success to the sector and helped to sustain just 800,000 jobs across Britain. 2015 was the best year in a decade for car production with 1.6m vehicles built, and volumes are forecast to reach an all-time record 2m by 2020.
The UK also achieved notable success in productivity levels, which have increased 40% since 2010 to make UK labour productivity the highest in Europe. But this success could be undermined by the lack of skilled engineers to fill new jobs, despite efforts made by companies to increase training and apprenticeships.
Jo Lopes, chair of the Automotive Industrial Partnership and head of Technical Excellence, Jaguar Land Rover, commented: “These are very significant findings which present a valuable basis for government and industry to jointly tackle this issue head-on and ensure that the growth potential of the industry in the coming years is fulfilled.
“The Automotive Industrial Partnership has already made some important steps since its inception – including the introduction of a range of training programmes – and it will have a crucial role to play in addressing the skills challenge.”
Skills Minister Nick Boles said: “Our automotive workforce is the most productive in Europe and this goes a long way to explaining why production hit record levels last year.
“But this report shows we cannot be complacent. The sector needs to maintain its high productivity and international competitiveness and address the required demand of skilled workforce, engineers and designers. That’s why our apprenticeship reforms are putting employers in the driving seat, to deliver the high-tech, long-term skills our economy needs.
“The Automotive Industrial Partnership is a good example of government and industry working together, and I welcome this report.”
Mike Hawes, SMMT chief executive, added: “The automotive industry has already invested heavily in apprenticeships and training for existing staff to grow and develop a new generation of skilled workers. However, even more support is needed.
“The struggle to fill vacancies is holding back growth and opportunities for business, and it is essential that both government and industry work together quickly to identify ways to plug this gap. Future schemes must focus on quality not just quantity – and more support is needed to promote STEM subjects in schools.”
The Automotive Industrial Partnership was initiated in early 2015 by the Automotive Council to bring together major automotive businesses in order to help ensure future skills needs are met for UK vehicle manufacturers and supply chain companies.
Since its inception, the Partnership has developed a ‘jobs framework’ – an industry standard hierarchy of roles – to make it easier for companies to structure positions and for employees to follow clear career development paths.
It has also implemented a number of new training programmes, and is developing the Automotive Apprenticeship Matching Service to retain more high calibre apprentices in the industry.
In addition to the new personnel needed, there are also many new training requirements due to the adoption of new automotive technologies in the industry.
According to the report, 71 different types of learning are required for more than 20,000 people working in the industry – 15% of whom have an immediate need for new training.
The most critical training requirements are in lean manufacturing, advanced problem solving, and tool making.
The report sets out a range of recommendations to tackle the skills shortage. These include the implementation of a co-ordinated approach to STEM subjects in schools, as well as businesses ensuring that apprenticeship opportunities on offer from government are maximised.